Volume 1, Issue 2 (November 2022)                   Health Science Monitor 2022, 1(2): 74-80 | Back to browse issues page

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Radvar M, Zolfi A, Fakour Z, Farhadi E. Epidemiology of clinical findings and outcome in neonates with congenital heart disease. Health Science Monitor 2022; 1 (2) :74-80
URL: http://hsm.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-67-en.html
Department of Pediatric Disease, School of Medicine, Shahid Motahari Hospital, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Abstract:   (189 Views)
Background & Aims:  Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common congenital anomaly, accounting for 28% of all congenital anomalies in infants. The present study was performed to determine the frequency, demographic characteristics, and clinical outcomes in neonates with CHD.
Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 341 neonates with CHD admitted to Motahhari Hospital in Urmia (Iran) during 2014-2020. The obtained data were statistically analyzed by SPSS.
Results: Based on the results, the prevalence of CHD was 17 per 1000 live births, equal to 1.7%. The mean age of patients was 5.13 ± 6.41 days. Regarding gender, 61% of patients were boys, and 39% were girls. The mean birth weight and the mean gestational age of the patients were 3079.56 ± 735.547 gr and 37.14 ± 2.232 weeks, respectively. Also, the mean length of hospital stay was 5.87 ± 3.568 days. Ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, coarctation of the aorta, and transposition of the great arteries were detected in 29.9%, 19.1%, 11.4%, 9.1%, and 7.6% of the patients, respectively. Mortality was found in 23.8% of patients. In addition, 51.02% presented with respiratory distress, 34.31% with cyanosis, and 9.3% with a heart murmur.
Conclusion: CHD is a common congenital anomaly in hospitalized neonates. Intraventricular and atrial wall defects are the most frequent congenital disease in neonates with CHD, especially in the male gender.
Full-Text [PDF 367 kb]   (90 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/09/8 | Accepted: 2022/10/9 | Published: 2022/11/19

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